【使用过期化妆品可能导致脑膜炎】

化妆品

过期化妆品中潜伏的危害:检测表明过期化妆品中含有能诱发脑膜炎的致命病菌。

  • 实验室在过期的化妆品中发现致病病菌
  • 伦敦城市大学的科学家们测试了6种美妆产品
  • 五分之四的样品被检测出含有导致败血症和脑膜炎的粪肠球菌 

    女同胞们正在被告知迅速扔掉手中的过期化妆品,实验室证明它们可能导致脑膜炎。

    伦敦城市大学的科学家们测试了包括腮红、粉底液和唇彩在内的5个产品,发现过期化妆品中含有极高的致病菌含量。

    其中的粪肠球菌是导致脑膜炎的主要诱因,此细菌在英国致死5岁以下的孩子比任何传染病都要多。

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    真细菌能导致细菌性皮肤病,也是肠胃病和伤口感染的原因之一。

    被发现的还有表皮葡萄球菌,一种能抵挡抗生素的顽固细菌。以及能导致痤疮和其他皮肤病的痤疮丙酸杆菌,同时会让泌尿和消化系统受到感染。

    实验室中所用的测试品全部来自国内美妆博主和普通女性的邮寄。

    被测试的5个产品都有极高的致病菌含量,且其中的一个产品仍在保质期内。

    腮红、粉底液、唇膏和仍在保质期内的唇彩,这4个产品都被测出含有能导致脑膜炎的粪肠球菌。

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过期九个月的腮红样本来自26的Laura Byrne。她本人感到十分震惊:过期的腮红中含有能导致败血症和脑膜炎的粪肠病菌。

“我只知道在化妆品过期后要好好保存,但万万没想到它里面还能培养致命的疾病。”

来自曼彻斯特城的Grace Day(22岁)寄出了自己过期4个月的粉底霜。

Grace Day 说:“我尽量让我的化妆品在保质期内使用,但我同时认为过期一两个月并不是什么大事,很明显这些结果证明我错了。”

“毋庸置疑的是以后我会毫不犹豫地丢弃过期化妆品。”

这项研究来自美妆线上零售商www.escentual.com以及一些高街化妆品品牌的委托。

公司的CEORakesh Aggarwal说:“大多数女性完全不会意识到化妆品居然是致命细菌的摇篮。

“想想你不会将过期的食品放上几个月然后再美餐一顿,对化妆品最好也不要这样。“

“对于研究结果我们也十分震惊,但这确实说明过期的化妆品有极大的危害。“

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“孕妇及小孩的妈妈们更需关注我们在过期化妆品中的研究结果,其中含有的病菌对婴幼儿来说是致命的。“

研究人员在人们日常使用的五种美妆产品中发现了六种不同的病菌。

伦敦城市大学的微生物学家Paul Matewele确认了这一研究结果。

他说:“过期的粉底液、唇彩和口红,它们都是在实验室严格的操作步骤下被检测出含有粪肠病菌。“

“粪肠病菌是导致败血症和脑膜炎的罪魁祸首,也是新生儿的头号杀手。“

实验室同时被测出的致命病菌还有:

真细菌属——导致细菌性阴道炎。

气单孢菌属——引起胃肠炎和伤口感染。

表皮葡萄球菌——是一种能抵御抗生素的顽固细菌,同时对于插有外植入物或导管的病人来说,此细菌是致命的。

痤疮丙酸杆菌——引起痤疮及其他皮肤病。

肠杆菌属——对象若是免疫能力低下的病人,则会导致他们泌尿及呼吸道系统的感染。

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测试样品中,过期九个月的腮红中含有最多细菌,过期四个月的睫毛膏中细菌含量排第二。

仍在保质期内的唇彩(已使用一年)细菌含量排第三,基本上,因为唇彩的使用位置在易滋生细菌的嘴唇,含有更多的细菌也属于正常情况。

过期四个月的粉底液细菌含量排第四,而过期10个月的口红细菌最少。

口红可能因为比唇彩使用频率低,所以细菌含量较低,但所有样品中都被测出微生物的存在。

出现在口红上的微生物可能来自人们之间的直接接触,亲吻是一种传递病菌和交换微生物最简单的方式。而这最有可能攻击得是那些免疫系统低下的易感人群:婴幼儿、小孩子及病人。

 

测验结果:

粉底霜——过期4个月

购买于2014年3月,2015年3月过期

样本主人:Grace Day,22岁,来自曼彻斯特的美妆博主

测试结果:含有粪肠球菌;表皮葡萄球菌;真细菌

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可能导致的疾病:新生儿脑膜炎,败血症,生殖系统感染,痤疮。

培养皿的外观:米黄色的粉底涂抹于培养皿的中央,形成三个形状颇大的黑细菌群,最大的细菌群位于粉底霜的边缘。同时在表面培养皿上存在无数的小细菌群。

样本主人说:“我尽量让我的化妆品在保质期内使用,但我同时认为过期一两个月并不是什么大事,很明显这些结果证明我错了。”

 

唇彩——仍在保质期内

购买于2014年8月,保质期到2016年8月

样本主人:Nikki Capp,23岁,来自卡迪夫

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测试结果:含有粪肠球菌,表皮葡萄球菌,气单孢菌属

可能导致的疾病:新生儿脑膜炎,败血症,泌尿系统感染,对住院患者有生命威胁,导致胃肠炎和伤口感染。

培养皿的外观:粉红色的唇彩涂抹在培养皿中央,围绕着样品将近有50个黑细菌群。

样本主人说:“想到自己包里带着的东西会让小孩子得脑膜炎,我不能原谅自己。我想医院里应该开展对探访者过期化妆品的安检,毕竟它们携带了这么多的细菌。”

 

腮红——过期九个月

购买于2013年10月,2014年3月过期

样本主人:Laura Byrne,26岁,伦敦的美妆博主

测试结果:含有粪肠球菌,表皮葡萄球菌,贪婪丙酸杆菌

可能导致的疾病:新生儿脑膜炎,败血症,泌尿系统感染,对住院患者有生命威胁、此病菌对抗生素免疫,导致痤疮及其他皮肤疾病。

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培养皿的外观:腮红已褪色,大部分粉末变成深粉色,只有小部分残留物还是原来的颜色,培养皿上形成超过20个细菌群。

样本主人说:“我完全被测试的结果吓到了,我虽然不是科学家但这个结果一定很糟糕。”

 

口红——过期十个月

购买于2012年9月,2014年9月过期

样本主人:Ella Buchan,35岁,来自伦敦的美妆与生活记者

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测试结果:含有粪肠球菌

可能导致的疾病:新生儿脑膜炎,败血症,泌尿系统感染

培养皿的外观:红色口红大部分涂抹于培养皿的中央,同时在整个培养皿的表面轻轻涂了一层。培养皿上出现了一个大的黑细菌群及散布在周围的40多个小的细菌群。

样本主人说:“我不是天天涂口红,所以我的口红有一些已经用了很久。我从没想到在口红里潜藏着这么可怕的细菌,我的化妆包需要一次大清理了。“

 

睫毛膏——过期4个月

购买于2014年10月,使用到2015年3月

样本主人:Emma Leslie,26岁,来自卡迪夫为Escentual.com工作的美妆编辑。

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测试结果:肠杆菌、真杆菌

可能导致的疾病:泌尿和呼吸道感染(免疫系统受损的医院患者),细菌性阴道炎

培养皿的外观:黑色的睫毛膏涂抹于培养皿中央,在其附近形成了5个大的白色细菌群,圈层外还有几个小的白色细菌群及6个稍大点的黑棕细菌群。

样本主人说:“这让我十分后怕,将来在化妆品过期时我会更审慎地去更新它们。”

 

作者: MARTHA CLIFF

来源:《每日邮报》

地址:http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-3209876/The-dangers-lurking-inside-makeup-bags-Lab-tests-reveal-barely-date-cosmetics-making-sick-bacteria-cause-meningitis.html#ixzz3kRw8FxLc

原文:

The dangers lurking inside makeup bags: Lab tests reveal how barely out-of-date cosmetics might be making you sick... with bacteria that could even cause meningitis

  • Laboratory tests reveal harmful bacteria found in out-of-date makeup
  • Six products were tested by scientists at London Metropolitan University
  • Four out of the five tested positive for enterococcus faecalis, the deadly strain of bacteria which causes meningitis and Septicaemia

Women are being urged to throw away out-of-date makeup after laboratory tests revealed it contains deadly bacteria - including a strain that causes meningitis.

Scientists at London Metropolitan University tested five products including a blusher, foundation and lip gloss and found that old cosmetics contain unsafe levels of potentially lethal bacteria.

One of the bugs - enterococcus faecalis - is a main cause of meningitis, which kills more children under five than any other infectious disease in the UK.

London Metropolitan University found that deadly strains of bacteria can be found in out-of-date makeup

London Metropolitan University found that deadly strains of bacteria can be found in out-of-date makeup

Other deadly bacteria found include eubacterium, which causes bacterial vaginosis and aeromonas, one of the causes of gastroenteritis and wound infections.

Researchers also found staphlyoccocus epidermidis, a nasty bug which is resistant to antibiotics; propionibacterium, one of the main causes for acne and other skin conditions and enterobacter, which causes urinary and respiratory tract infections.

The study involved laboratory tests on five beauty products sent in by women and beauty bloggers from around the country.

All five products tested - one of which was still in date - contained unsafe levels of potentially lethal bacteria.

Four of them - a blusher, foundation, lipstick and in-date lip gloss - tested positive for enterococcus faecalis.

Four out of the five tested positive for enterococcus faecalis, the deadly strain of bacteria which causes meningitis and Septicaemia

Four out of the five tested positive for enterococcus faecalis, the deadly strain of bacteria which causes meningitis and Septicaemia

Laura Byrne, 26, sent in a nine-month out-of-date blusher from London. She said: 'I'm absolutely shocked that my blusher contains bacteria that could cause meningitis and septicaemia.

'I was aware that I had kept it well past its use by date but didn't think for a minute that a blusher to contain killer diseases growing in it.

A four-month out-of-date foundation was also sent in by Grace Day, 22, from Manchester.

She added: 'I try to get my make-up in date, but I thought it wouldn't matter if it was a few months over, clearly I was wrong.

'Needless to say I will be throwing this out and other out of date make up in future.'

The research was commissioned by online beauty retailer www.escentual.com and involved several high-street beauty products.

CEO Rakesh Aggarwal said: 'Most women are totally unaware that their cosmetics are a potentially breeding ground for deadly bacteria.

'But if you think about it you wouldn't keep food for months after the use by date so why should this be acceptable for cosmetics.

'This research has even surprised us and has shown that there is a serious health risk here.

The research into the levels of germs in out-of-date cosmetics was commissioned by online beauty retailer escentual.com and they tested several high-street beauty products under strict laboratory conditions

The research into the levels of germs in out-of-date cosmetics was commissioned by online beauty retailer escentual.com and they tested several high-street beauty products under strict laboratory conditions

'Pregnant women or mums with small babies need to take extra care after our finding showed that the deadly meningitis bacteria Enterococcus Faecalis/Faecium was found on several items of out of date make-up.'

In total six different types of bacteria were found on the five types of everyday high-street cosmetics that were tested.

Microbiologist Paul Matewele from the London Metropolitan University confirmed the test results.

He said: 'All the old make-up products of foundation, lip gloss and lipstick tested positive for Enterococcus faecalis under strict laboratory tests.

'Enterococcus faecalis, is the potentially deadly strain of bacteria which causes meningitis and Septicaemia and is one of the biggest killers for newborn babies.'

The other deadly bacteria which were found in the lab test included:

Eubacterium – which causes bacterial vaginosis

Aeromonas – one of the causes of gastroenteritis and wound infections

Staphlyoccocus epidermidis - a nasty bug which is resistant to antibiotics and is deadly for people in hospital or who have catheters or surgical implants.

Propionibacterium - one of the main causes for acne and other skin conditions

Enterobacter – causes urinary and respiratory tract infections mainly in hospitalised patients with compromised immune systems.

In total six different types of bacteria were found on the five types of everyday high-street cosmetics that were tested

In total six different types of bacteria were found on the five types of everyday high-street cosmetics that were tested

The blusher which was nine months out of date - had largest amount of bacteria, and the mascara four months out of date had the second largest amount of bacteria.

But the lip gloss which was still in date (but was over a year old) had the third most bacteria, it was thought that lip gloss might be prone to more bacteria because it was applied to the mouth, where a lot of bacteria reside.

The foundation which was four months out-of-date had the forth highest amount of bacteria and the lipstick was 10 months old but had the least amount.

In the case of lipstick it is generally applied less often than lip gloss which may account for the reason it had less bacteria, but all the products tested positive for levels of germs.

Transfer of the germs is most likely when come into direct contact – kissing would be the easiest way to pass on the germs and the bacteria are most likely to attack young children, babies or people in hospital whose immunity is compromised.

WHAT THE TESTS FOUND: 

Foundation – Four months out of date

Bought March 2014, use by March 2015

Sent in by: Grace Day, 22, Beauty blogger from Manchester

Tested positive for: Enterococcus faecalis/faecium and Staphyloccocus epidermidis, and Eubacterium

Grace Day tries to keep her makeup in date and never thought that a few months could make a difference

Her foundation tested positive for meningitis bacteria

Grace Day tries to keep her makeup in date and never thought that a few months could make a difference

Potential diseases caused:  neo natal meningitis, septicaemia, urinary tract infections, acne and vaginal bacteriosis

Petri dish appearance: The beige colour foundation was smeared in the middle of the dish, three very large colonies of black bacteria have formed, the largest right on the edge of the foundation, there are also tens of smaller colonies dotted all over the surface of the agar jelly.

Grace said: 'I try to get my make-up in date, but I thought it wouldn't matter if it was a few months over, clearly I was wrong. Needless to say I will be throwing this out and other out of date make up in future.'

Lip gloss – still in date

Bought August 2014 out of date August 2016

Sent in by: Nikki Capp, 23, from Cardiff.

Nikki Capp had no idea that her lip gloss that was still in date could potentially be harmful to a child

Nikki Capp had no idea that her lip gloss that was still in date could potentially be harmful to a child

Nikki Capp had no idea that her lip gloss that was still in date could potentially be harmful to a child

Tested positive for: Enterococcus faecalis/faecium, Staphyloccocus Epidermis and Aeromanas

Potential diseases caused: Neo natal meningitis, septicaemia, urinary tract infections, life threatening infections to hospital patients, gastroenteritis and wound infections

Petri Dish Appearance:  The pink colour lip gloss was smeared in the centre and there were nearly 50 colonies of black bacteria growing in and around the make-up.

Nikki said: 'I couldn't live with myself if I thought that having a product that I carried around in my handbag could cause a child to get meningitis, and perhaps hospitals should check for out of date make-up that people bring in with them if they can carry so much bacteria.'

Blusher – nine months out of date

Bought October 2013, Use by October 2014

Sent in by: Laura Byrne, 26, beauty blogger from London.

Tested positive for: Enterococcus faecalis/faecium, Staphyloccocus epidermidis and Propionibacterium avidum

Laura Byrne was completely disgusted by the results of the tests on the blusher which indicated signs of urinary tract infections
Laura Byrne was completely disgusted by the results of the tests on the blusher which indicated signs of urinary tract infections

Laura Byrne was disgusted by the results on her blusher which indicated signs of urinary tract infections

Potential diseases Caused: Neo natal meningitis, septicaemia, urinary tract infections, other potentially life threatening infections to hospital patients which are immune to anti-biotics, and acne and other skin conditions.

Petri Dish Appearance: The blusher was discoloured, most of the powder has turned livid pink, only some remains in its original colour and over 20 colonies of black bacteria were formed.

Laura said: 'I'm absolutely completely grossed out by the results, I'm no scientist but the results can't be great.'

Lipstick – Ten months out of date

Bought September 2012, use by September 2014

Sent in by: Ella Buchan, 35, beauty and lifestyle journalist from London.

Ella Buchan rarely used her lipstick but it still had traces of neo natal meningitis, septicaemia, urinary tract infections

Ella Buchan rarely used her lipstick but it still had traces of neo natal meningitis, septicaemia, urinary tract infections

Ella Buchan rarely used her lipstick but it still had traces of neo natal meningitis, septicaemia, urinary tract infections

Tested positive for: Enterococcus faecium/faecalis

Potential diseases caused: neo natal meningitis, septicaemia, urinary tract infections

Petri dish appearance: The pink lipstick was smeared around the centre of the dish and lightly around the whole surface of the dish. One very large colony of black bacteria has formed and nearly 40 other smaller colonies of bacteria are spread all over the surface of the agar jelly.

Ella said: 'I don't wear lipstick everyday, so some of the ones I own are pretty old. But I never imagined there could be anything that bad lurking in the tube. My makeup bag might be due a clear out…'

Mascara – four months out of date

Bought and opened October 2014, Use by date April 2015

Sent in by: Emma Leslie, 26, from Cardiff, Beauty Editor for Escentual.com

Emma Leslie's mascara contained the second  highest amount of bacteria

She admits that she is going to be far more vigilant when it comes to keeping her cosmetics in date

Emma Leslie's mascara contained the second  highest amount of bacteria and she admits that she is going to be far more vigilant when it comes to keeping her cosmetics in date

Tested positive for: Enterobacter and Eubacterium

Potential diseases caused: urinary and respiratory tract infections mainly in hospitalized patients with compromised immune systems, and bacterial vaginosis

Petri dish appearance: Black mascara smeared in centre of the dish, five large colonies of white bacteria formed in an around the mascara, and other finely spread smaller white colonies of bacteria and six other large colonies of black and brown bacteria

Emma Leslie said : 'I'm frankly shocked that there were really deadly bacteria found on my make-up. I am going to be much more vigilant in future to replenish my cosmetics when they go out of date.'

 


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