从Facebook到手机:媒介选择与亲密层级

【从Facebook到手机:媒介选择与亲密层级】美国研究发现,在大学生人际交往当中,不同媒介平台的使用对应着不同的交往层级。Facebook、即时信息、手机三部曲就反映了从初识到熟识亲密程度的变化。媒介选择依据是媒介特点同关系的匹配,国际学生还有时间和距离上的考虑。男学生则对层级变化较为迟钝,除非是与异性交往时。

文章原文:

文章题目:From Facebook to cell calls: Layers of electronic intimacy incollege students’ interpersonal relationships

Abstract

Communication technologies are widely usedto manage interpersonal relationships,

but little is known about which media aremost useful at different stages of relationship

development, and how the pattern of usagemay be influenced by contextual factors or

users’ gender. Drawing on theories ofrelationship development, this study examined

usage patterns among 34 college studentsparticipating in six geographically stratified

focus group interviews. Analyses revealeda sequence of media use tied to stages

of relationship development − fromFacebook in early stages to instant messaging

and then cell phones as a relationshipprogressed. Judgments about the efficacy and

appropriateness of using a medium werebased on how well its salient features matched

prominent goals or addressed majorconcerns of a relationship at the given stage.

International students added twotechnologies to the sequence to accommodate time

differentials and distance fromcommunication partners. Males were less explicit about

the sequence, except when referring tocross-sex relationships.

Keywords

Adolescence, cell phone, communicationnorms, gender differences, instant messaging,

international students, media selection,relationship development, social media, social

networking site

Conclusion

Our study suggested that there was asequence of media use among college students,

although the sequence was moderated bygeographic distance between communication partners and users’ gender. Judgingthe efficacy and appropriateness of using a

medium was based on how well its salientfeatures matched prominent goals or

addressed major concerns of a relationshipat the given stage. Reaffirming the proposal that media choice is seldom, ifever, a function of a single factor (Fulk et al.,

1990; Sitkin et al., 1992), the findingsrevealed that media choice was contingent

upon interactions between media featuresand factors at the individual (gender),

relational (closeness of a relationship),and contextual (geographic distance) levels.

Future research and theory on media choicemust continue to address the interactions among these factors.

文章作者:Chia-chenYang, B Bradford Brown and Michael T Braun

文章来源:New media andSociety

文章链接:http://nms.sagepub.com.ezaccess.libraries.psu.edu/content/early/2013/02/03/1461444812472486.full.pdf+html

文章下载:From Facebook to cell calls, layers of electronic intimacy in college students&


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