#科技头条#【无人机专用道?亚马逊助NASA设计无人机交管系统】

#科技头条#【无人机专用道?亚马逊助NASA设计无人机交管系统】"60米高度以下慢速道供短距离无人机飞行;60-120米高度的快速道供长距离飞行的无人机使用",亚马逊28日公布无人机交管系统,至少14家公司如谷歌、亚马逊已和NASA签署协议帮助设计无人机交管系统来协调低空飞行。脑补未来无数只无人机掠过头顶的画面~

Amazon reveals plans for a drone superhighway: Firm details ‘air traffic control’ for UAVs in bid to speed approval
Tracked drones would communicate positions to a centralised computer
There would be a slow lane for local UAV traffic below 200 feet (60 metres)
Fast lane would be from between 200 (60 metres) and 400 feet (120 metres)
Long-range drones must also give notice when and where they intend to fly, and they have to be connected to the internet, under new proposals
By ELLIE ZOLFAGHARIFARD FOR DAILYMAIL.COM

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Amazon wants a section of airspace above our cities to be dedicated to hundreds of thousands of high-speed delivery drones.
Its vision, which is in line with that of Google's, is for tracked drones to communicate their positions to a centralised computer system available to all operators, similar to aviation airspace.
The move toward a 'drone superhighway' is the next step in Amazon's ambition plans to deliver packages via drone within 30 minutes.

Amazon is proposing that a section of airspace above our cities should be dedicated to hundreds of thousands of high-speed delivery drones

Amazon is proposing that a section of airspace above our cities should be dedicated to hundreds of thousands of high-speed delivery drones
Google is also hoping drones could eventually be used for disaster relief by delivering aid to isolated areas - and for package delivery.
A Nasa team is currently leading the effort to create a drone air-traffic system, named Unmanned Aerial System Traffic Management.

So far, 14 companies have signed agreements to work with the agency, Google, Amazon, Verizon Communications Inc. and Harris Corp.
In recent years there have been a growing number of close calls, including with other aircraft near airports, and close to helicopters.
The latest recommendations, put forward by Amazon, are a bid to speed approval of unmanned aerial vehicles in large portions our skies.
There would be a slow lane for local traffic below 200 feet (60 metres) and a fast lane for long-distance transport between 200 (60 metres) and 400 feet (120 metres). Altitudes between 400 (120 metres) and 500 feet (152 metres) would become a no-fly zone

There would be a slow lane for local traffic below 200 feet (60 metres) and a fast lane for long-distance transport between 200 (60 metres) and 400 feet (120 metres). Altitudes between 400 (120 metres) and 500 feet (152 metres) would become a no-fly zone

The proposals were unveiled today at a Nasa UTM Convention at Nasa Ames in California.
Gur Kimchi, a vice president who heads the Amazon's drone-delivery division, told Bloomberg News that drones should remain within 400 feet (120 metres) of the ground.
There would be a slow lane for local traffic below 200 feet (60 metres) and a fast lane for long-distance transport between 200 (60 metres) and 400 feet (120 metres).

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Altitudes between 400 (120 metres) and 500 feet (152 metres) would become a no-fly zone, and anything above that is already against FAA regulations.
In cases when aircraft would enter drone flyways, drones would automatically give way, he said. The vehicles much also be capable of communicating with each other.
A centralised computer system of known flight hazards, such as towers and high ground, would be developed and shared with drone users, allowing them to automatically avoid these areas.
Long-range drones must also give notice when and where they intend to fly, and they have to be connected to the internet, he added.
Drones capable of flying long distances must also have sensors that can detect birds and other hazards not in the centralised database, Amazon claims.
This would prepare the airspace for a future in which thousands of drones fly over cities delivering parcels.
One group that may take issue with the proposals are hobbyists and modellers.
Under current rules in the US, they are allowed to fly their aircraft within line of sight up to 400ft (120 metres) as long as they stay away from airports.

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Under Amazon's proposals, they would have to stick to the 200ft (60 metre) to 400ft (120 metre) section of the sky, and meet technical recommendations.
Amazon's proposals are echoed by suggestions put forward by Google.
Dave Vos, who heads Google's Project Wing division, said in an interview earlier this month that different companies could develop drone air-traffic systems.
'We think the airspace side of this picture is really not a place where any one entity or any one organisation can think of taking charge,' he told Bloomberg News.
'The idea being that it's not 'Google is going to go out and build a solution and everyone else has to subscribe to it.' The idea really is anyone should be free to build a solution.'
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3177775/Amazon-reveals-plans-drone-superhighway-Firm-details-air-traffic-control-UAVs-bid-speed-approval.html#ixzz3hEhMqVbB


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