#研究分享#【智能手机让我们不再“智能”?】

#研究分享#【智能手机让我们不再“智能”?】美国莱斯大学的心理学家发现,青少年学生对智能手机的使用会分散其对学业的注意力,导致成绩下降。在这项研究中,学生们被赠予一台iPhone。一年后,一半的学生承认手机分散了他们的注意力。研究人员称,学生在使用新技术时需得到引导。

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Are smartphones making us dumb? Students given iPhones to help with their studies used them for social media instead

Psychologists gave free phones to students to help them get better grades
However, they mainly used them to check Facebook and listen to music
A year later, half the students admitted the devices distracted them
Psychologists said students need guidance on how to best use technology

They may be called smartphones but the handsets could be damaging some students’ grades.

In an experiment, pupils who were given a free iPhone used it for social networking and listening to music rather than helping with their studies, and they admitted being distracted from their work.

The year-long experiment has led psychologists to conclude that students need constant guidance when using technology.

Psychologists at Rice University in Houston Texas wanted to see if the latest mobile technology would be used by the students to improve their learning.

They hoped they would use the handsets to look up information, watching tutorials and joining academic discussions, for example.

When given their new handsets, the students overwhelmingly said that the devices would help them do better in tests and get better grades without being a distraction.

But a year later, the experts discovered the opposite was true.

Lead author of the study, psychology professor Philip Kortum, said: ‘I was surprised.

‘I thought this group of students would immediately grasp the educational benefits of this technology and use it.’

Used properly, students could have benefited from their smartphones by looking up passages in literature, watching science experiments or downloading educational apps.

Professor Kortum said: ‘At the beginning they were very excited about it but at the end they were much more concerned.’

The psychologists asked the students a series of questions before and after the study and their answers were given a score.

The higher the number, the more positive the response.

When asked at the beginning if they thought the phones would get them higher grades, the average response was a positive score of 3.71 on the scale.

But a year later, when asked if it had helped perform better in tests, the average score had more than halved to 1.54 on the same scale, indicating disillusionment with the technology.

Asked if the phones would be a distraction, the students gave an average score of 1.91 at the beginning, but this rose to a significant 4.03 by the end, according to the study published in the British Journal of Educational Psychology.

There were similar differences too in questions on how well the phones would help them with their homework and tests - positive at the start but more negative by the end.

The researchers concluded that it’s not enough to give students the right technology, but said they need constant guidance about how to use it.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3153689/Are-smartphones-making-dumb-Students-given-iPhones-help-studies-used-social-media-instead.html


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