#研究分享#【为什么美国千禧一代不谈恋爱?】

#研究分享#【为什么美国千禧一代不谈恋爱?】美国盖洛普公司发布数据称,2014年美国18至29岁的年轻人结婚概率比10年前下降11%。但原因可能不是没意愿,而是没条件:(1)找不到工作;(2)工作报酬不理想;(3)搬回家与父母同住;(4)为报酬理想的工作而选择进修获得更高学历。http://www.looooker.com/archives/14209 By now it is well established that today’s 20-somethings are not rushing down the aisle. In 2014 an 18-to-29-year-old was 11% less likely to be married than in 2004. Data out from Gallup Monday shows that young adults are also no more likely than previous generations to be living with a significant other. In 2004 15% of under 30s reported living with a partner compared with 14% today. Based on these statistics Gallup concluded: “This means that not only are fewer young adults married, but also that fewer are in committed relationships.” This argument, however, is deeply flawed. It may be the case that today’s 20-somethings are shunning love. This would be hard to prove and does go against the fact that more than 40 million people have downloaded dating app Tinder (sure, you could argue most of Tinder’s users aren’t after love). But data does suggests a slew of economic reasons why young people may be putting off household formation that have nothing to do with ability to commit. They couldn’t find jobs: In June 2008, when today’s 25 year-olds would have been graduating from high school, the unemployment rate for 18 to 19 year-olds was 16%, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Within six months the rate would cross 20% and pretty much stay there for five years. In June 2012, when this group would have been graduating from college arbitrage forex the unemployment rate for 20 to 24 year-olds was 14.4%. This was down for a 17% high but still elevated. QQ截图20150612221301 QQ截图20150612221348 QQ截图20150612221430 QQ截图20150612221505 Or the jobs they found didn’t pay well: The financial and emotional impact of struggling to find a job and receiving low pay will not disappear over night. It will take time before this group starts making big financial moves that may have been common a generation ago. So they moved back home: Surveys have found that Millennials are particularly close with their parents and turn to them for help with many big decisions. But it is difficult to imagine even the chummiest parents wanting their baby’s boyfriend to move in. Or stayed in school: In 2013 47% of people age 25 to 34 had completed a college degree or higher. This number has been rising steadily for decades but picked up particular steam post- recession. In a report on Millennials the The Council of Economic Advisers explained,

Increasing college enrollment is in part a response to decades of rising returns to education for workers and heightened income inequality between the college-educated and the less-educated. Millennials’ commitment to higher education is therefore a rational response to a labor market that confers large rewards on more educated workers. Moreover, during recessions, young people tend to enroll in school in greater numbers and also tend to stay in school longer. This cyclical pattern reflects both a lower opportunity cost of schooling, as well as a stronger incentive to make one’s skills competitive in a tough job market.” So what does it all mean? Just like its was for older generations being a 20-something today is complicated. It was made only more-so by the messy financial situation they entered into. The old markers of adulthood — wedding, picket fence, diaper bag — will take longer to attain. Or maybe they will change altogether, cast aside for new ones. This argument  has been made before, and at least somewhat accepted.

So maybe the markers of commitment have changed too. Maybe commitment is deciding together to live alone so you can both focus on your careers. Maybe it is letting the person you love move away for school so she can earn more. Maybe it is simply waiting to until you are financially ready.

文章来源:forbes.com

http://www.forbes.com/sites/samanthasharf/2015/06/10/young-and-not-in-love-dissecting-the-argument-that-millennials-cant-commit/


Comments are closed.



无觅相关文章插件