【欢迎来到火星的家!瑞典艺术家绘出火星移民地】

【欢迎来到火星的家!瑞典艺术家绘出火星移民地】火星一直被认为是移民外星最好的选择。瑞典艺术家Ericsson设想了一个穹顶结构被用来容纳火星表面,这个结构能够承受火星的低压环境。登山者甚至可以在这个表面下登上最大的火星山。NASA正在建设SLS太空发射系统,目标在2030年实现登陆火星。

 

原文链接:http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3079534/Welcome-new-home-MARS-Stunning-drawings-reveal-red-planet-look-like-colonised-it.html

Welcome to your new home on MARS! Stunning drawings reveal what the red planet could look like if we colonised it

  • Swedish concept artist Ville Ericsson has revealed his amazing drawings of a futuristic colony on Mars
  • He envisions a large dome-like structure being used to house a city on the surface
  • Climbers might also scamper up the largest Martian mountain - Olympus Mons - for fun and exploration
  • 'Mars is still one of the best shots we have at colonising another planet,' Mr Ericsson told MailOnline

By JONATHAN O'CALLAGHAN FOR MAILONLINE

PUBLISHED: 09:49 GMT, 13 May 2015 | UPDATED: 11:43 GMT, 13 May 2015

 

 

When humans first ventured into space in the 1960s, many thought that by the 21st century we would have at least landed people on Mars, and possibly even colonised it.

But while those dreams haven't materialised just yet, it hasn’t stopped visionaries from imagining what a human colony on the red planet might look like in the future.

And these beautiful illustrations are no different, revealing cities encased in glass and climbers on a huge Martian volcano, as a space station orbits overhead.

Swedish concept artist Ville Ericsson has revealed his amazing drawings of a futuristic colony on Mars. He envisions a large dome-like structure (shown) being used to house a city on the surface

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Swedish concept artist Ville Ericsson has revealed his amazing drawings of a futuristic colony on Mars. He envisions a large dome-like structure (shown) being used to house a city on the surface

The drawings were created by Ville Ericsson, a 26-year-old concept artist and illustrator from Stockholm, Sweden. They envision a future Mars that has not only been colonised, but partially terraformed - turned Earth-like - as well.

Mr Ericsson’s drawings show huge transparent domes with cities inside, and also plants and grass growing on the ground.

Domes have been suggested as a good structure to use on Mars, as they can be built fairly large while remaining intact, and withstand the low-pressure Martian environment.

Inside the pressurised dome, people can walk about without the need for a spacesuit, as shown in one of the images.

In the drawings a team of climbers are also seen scaling the side of Olympus Mons, the largest volcano not only on the red planet, but in the solar system as well.

Olympus Mons is 25 miles (16km) high, three times the height of Mount Everest, and about 374 miles (624km) across, roughly the size of France.

Two other images show a space station in orbit around the red planet, bearing some similarities to the ISS. The large modular-like structure has solar panels to provide power, in addition to large fuel tanks, while a rotating section provides artificial gravity for the crew on board.

Scientific studies have shown that growing crops in Martian soil shouldn't be a problem. In the drawings it is suggested that, inside a large dome, vegetation could take hold to partially terraform the surface

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Scientific studies have shown that growing crops in Martian soil shouldn't be a problem. In the drawings it is suggested that, inside a large dome, vegetation could take hold to partially terraform the surface

Here climbers are seen making their way up Olympus Mons, the biggest volcano in the solar system. Olympus Mons is 25 miles (16km) high, three times the height of Mount Everest, and about 374 miles (624km) across, roughly the size of France

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Here climbers are seen making their way up Olympus Mons, the biggest volcano in the solar system. Olympus Mons is 25 miles (16km) high, three times the height of Mount Everest, and about 374 miles (624km) across, roughly the size of France

Water on Mars! Growing vegetation could be possible (related)

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MISSIONS TO MARS

Owing to the orbits of Earth and Mars, there are specific windows of opportunity when missions can take place.

Our planets come as close to each other as 33.9 million miles (54.6 million km), but can be as distant as 250 million miles (400 million km).

For this reason spacecraft to Mars, such as the Curiosity rover, have to launch in certain windows when the planets are aligned.

The next window is open from January 2016 to April 2016, and will see the launch of two more missions to the red planet.

For a future manned mission, they will need to launch out in one of the windows and return in another.

Just getting there will take up to nine months. The astronauts will then be there waiting for a year until they can come back, again taking up to nine months - a total of around three years. 

This drawing shows a space station orbiting the red planet, bearing some similarities to the ISS. Large cylindrical fuel tanks are at the bottom, while solar panels extend into space to gather sunlight

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This drawing shows a space station orbiting the red planet, bearing some similarities to the ISS. Large cylindrical fuel tanks are at the bottom, while solar panels extend into space to gather sunlight

 

‘The idea of starting fresh on another planet really compels me,’ Mr Ericsson told MailOnline. ‘It would mean a chance for us humans to learn from our mistakes as a society and use our collective knowledge to build something beautiful.

‘Technologically it would be extremely difficult; Mars doesn't have an active core, so there's no magnetosphere to protect the surface from solar radiation, which means that it's an incredibly dangerous place, but Mars is still one of the best shots we have at colonising another planet.’

The subject of landing humans on Mars has gained a lot of traction in recent years, and Nasa is currently working towards the goal of landing humans there in the 2030s.

It is likely they will enlist the help of other national agencies such as Esa, while private companies like SpaceX and Bigelow Aerospace have also stated their desire to be involved in a Mars mission.

A rotation section on the station, seen at the bottom here, would provide an artificial gravity environment for the crew on board. An astronaut is also seen on a spacewalk, heading into one of the modules

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A rotation section on the station, seen at the bottom here, would provide an artificial gravity environment for the crew on board. An astronaut is also seen on a spacewalk, heading into one of the modules

Here an explorer is seen in a somewhat primitive spacesuit. Exactly what astronauts will wear on Mars is not yet finalised, with Nasa testing a number of prototypes that will make future excursions on the surface possible

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Here an explorer is seen in a somewhat primitive spacesuit. Exactly what astronauts will wear on Mars is not yet finalised, with Nasa testing a number of prototypes that will make future excursions on the surface possible

The building of Nasa's giant Space Launch System (SLS) rocket is already underway, which will take humans and the equipment they need to Mars.

The agency has also developed the spacecraft that will take them to and from Earth - Orion - as well as the sophisticated heat shield that will enable the astronauts to pass through the Martian atmosphere, called the low-density supersonic decelerator (LDSD).

Of course, these early missions will pale in comparison to the colonies envisioned by Mr Ericsson, but perhaps one day there will be fully-fledged colonies on Mars, and they might not look too dissimilar. 

Nasa is already underway building the giant Space Launch System (SLS) rocket that will take humans and the equipment they need to Mars, with the goal of landing humans on the red planet in the 2030s

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Nasa is already underway building the giant Space Launch System (SLS) rocket that will take humans and the equipment they need to Mars, with the goal of landing humans on the red planet in the 2030s

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3079534/Welcome-new-home-MARS-Stunning-drawings-reveal-red-planet-look-like-colonised-it.html#ixzz3a43N9ZWY
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