大型社交网络垄断下的互联网

人们认为埃及等地的社会运动是因为Facebook和Twitter。然而,研究者对通过对运动中的时间分析发现,社交媒体背后的公司信息政策可以压制社会活动者和赋予独裁政权权利。大型社交网络垄断下的互联网,利用他的优势,可以轻易的影响社会发展。

人们认为突尼斯、埃及及其其他地方的暴动部分是因为社会化媒体平台,特别是Facebook和Twitter创造性的运用。然而,社交媒体背后的公司信息政策可以压制社会活动者和赋予独裁政权权利。本文通过分析Facebook对埃及“我们都是萨伊德”组织隐私问题的反应,Youtube对来自叙利亚视频的反应,摩洛哥效忠者对阿拉伯无神论者出现在网络上的回应,以及叙利亚电子军队的活动,说明禁止匿名、社区监控行为、专制效忠者的运动,以及评判策略是如何组织民主人士的。大规模的、以商业味目的的社会传媒企业所面临的设计挑战是导致这些问题出现的原因。

The uprisings in Tunisia, Egypt, and elsewhere have been credited in part to the creative use of social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter. Yet the information policies of the firms behind social media can inhibit activists and empower authoritarian regimes. Analysis of Facebook's response to Egypt's “We Are All Khaled Said” group, YouTube's policy exemption for videos coming from Syria, Moroccan loyalist response to the online presence of atheists, and the activities of the Syrian Electronic Army illustrate how prohibitions on anonymity, community policing practices, campaigns from regime loyalists, and counterinsurgency tactics work against democracy advocates. These problems arise from the design and governance challenges facing large-scale, revenue-seeking social media enterprises.

文章名称:Social Media and the Activist Toolkit: User Agreements, Corporate Interests, and the Information Infrastructure of Modern Social Movements
文章来源:Journal of Communication Volume 62, Issue 2, pages 315–329, April 2012
文章作者:William Lafi Youmans, Jillian C. York
文章链接:http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1460-2466.2012.01636.x/abstract
文章下载:j.1460-2466.2012.01636.x


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