印刷媒体着眼未来,网络新闻着眼过去

#研究分享#【印刷媒体着眼未来,网络新闻着眼过去】印刷媒体显示了较强的着眼于未来的倾向,报道更多即将发生的事实,分析潜在产出和影响,同时塑造公众期待。相反,网络新闻更多定位于帮助公众知晓最近发生的事实。这种现象被称为“时间的功效”,指的是时间对媒介技术提出的限制性和提供的可能性,从而造成媒介内容的差异化特征。

Print Is Future, Online Is Past: Cross-Media Analysis of Temporal Orientations in the News

Keren Tenenboim-Weinblatt1 and Motti Neiger2

20130708161815-176098225

Abstract

This article examines the representation of past, present, and future in print and online news, while establishing a link between the temporal orientation of news stories and the constraints of the news cycle. Based on a content analysis of top news stories in the Israeli media, the study shows that a future temporal orientation is more prevalent in print media, which assume the role of projecting upcoming events, analyzing potential outcomes, and shaping collective expectations. In contrast, online news tends to assume the more commonly recognized journalistic role of informing the public on recent-past events. The discussion introduces the notion of “temporal affordances,” referring to the temporal constraints and possibilities of media technologies, which in turn can lead to distinctive content characteristics. These affordances, which connect symbolic and material dimensions, contribute to the shaping and reshaping of the functions served by divergent communication outlets in changing media landscapes.

Keywords

media and time, news cycle, traditional versus new media, affordances

Communication Research 1–21 © The Author(s) 2014 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav DOI: 10.1177/0093650214558260 crx.sagepub.compage2image12712


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