#世界看中国# 【为什么中国那么多单身汉?】

#世界看中国# 【为什么中国那么多单身汉?】光棍节刚过,你还单着吗?有研究指出,到2030年中国94%的单身人士为男性。外媒认为计划生育、重男轻女思想(从1980—2000年被抛弃的女婴约在八百五十万)等造成男单身汉越来越多。甚至有研究提出,性比例不平衡与国家暴力犯罪增长有关。

http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/ampp3d/chinese-men-most-single-world-4610189

Why Chinese men are the most single in the world

Think your dating life is bad? Chinese men have the worst chances of a date, in the world.

British singletons might welcome a day  when everyone is supposed to buy presents for single people.

Singles" Day - the Chinese opposite of Valentines that"s turned into a massive online shopping event - has been all over the news. It"s a day , or get them from their coupled-up friends.

But it"s not like a Bridget Jones movie with more online shopping - there are sinister sociological reasons at play behind China"s "celebration" of single life. And the imbalance could have big consequences for the country.

More and more Chinese men are single - but they don"t want to be

Why? There aren"t enough women to go round.

There were 34 million more men than women in China in 2011. Part of that is natural - usually there are 105 boys born for every 100 girls. But the Chinese gender ratio at birth is much more stark. It was 116 boys to 100 girls in 2012.

The sinister truth behind Singles" Day

The one child policy is largely to blame. Brought in to curb population expansion, the policy allowed only one child per family (there are now various exceptions, including for families whose first child is a girl.)

But because male children are seen as more valuable, as well as more likely to support their parents in old age, some parents chose to have a son over a daughter, through sex-selective abortion, female infanticide, and neglect. One widely-cited study estimates the number of female children "removed" from the population between 1980 and 2000 at 8.5 million.

94% of unmarried people in China are men

The result? Large numbers of surplus men who will likely never get married. In fact, one study has predicted that by 2030, 1 in 5 Chinese men in their 30s will never have married , while another states that 94% of unmarried people in China are men.

(This is a familiar problem for sociologists. A similar surplus, this time of women, was recorded after the First World War.)

Men turn to markets for a chance at marriage

Some parents are trying to find partners for their sons at physical markets, where people post personal ads detailing their characteristics, as well as their work and educational achievements.

 

Flickr/Tim Sheerman-Chase
Parents seek partners for their children at Shanghai"s marriage market

 

Traditionally China has seen high levels of marriage, usually among the young, but measures brought in by the government, as well as increased education and career opportunities for women have meant marriages are happening later.

It"s also traditional that women marry up - meaning they marry men from a higher socioeconomic bracket than themselves. So women at the top and men at the bottom find themselves alone. That"s a big problem in a society that still focuses on family life as the ideal.

One study has even suggested a link between an imbalanced sex ratio and growth in violent crime in the country.

Singles" shopping can"t stop societal problems

There"s a huge number of young, single Chinese people and Chinese businesses have tackled that market aggressively. But Singles Day can"t solve all the problems China"s singles face.

Indeed, it"s possible it"s causing even more problems, as men resort to increasingly risky lines of work to increase their chances of gaining money and thus a wife. And as capitalism starts to overcome romance, there"s evidence that China"s marriage market is increasingly materialistic.

And bear in mind, the male to female sex ratio at birth is still much higher than the norm, suggesting this will be a problem for generations to come.

[Sources: World Bank DataNational Bureau of Statistics China,National Institute of Health]


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