如何训练女性计算思维?

#研究分享#【如何训练女性计算思维?】尽管计算机领域人才缺口较大,但是科学、技术、工程和数学领域缺乏女性的身影,而这跟她们计算思维的相对欠缺有关。克莱姆森大学认为,计算思维是设计和架构为主的一系列的概念实践和视角,女性通过编排舞蹈等混合运动和3D环境的编程等课程可以提升。他们还制造了一款虚拟环境互动软件,同来提升5到6年级的女生训练计算思维。

Dance choreography improves girls" computational skills

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Source:

Clemson University
Summary:
Blending movement and computer programming supports girls in building computational thinking skills, according to an ongoing study. This is important research, as even with increasing demands for computationally savvy workers, there is a lack of representation among women in science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields (STEM), the researchers say.

Clemson researchers find that blending movement and computer programming supports girls in building computational thinking skills, according to an ongoing study funded by the National Science Foundation and emerging technology report published in journalTechnology, Knowledge and Learning.

Even with increasing demands for computationally savvy workers, there is a lack of representation among women in science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields (STEM), the researchers say.

"We want more diverse faces around the table, helping to come up with technological solutions to societal issues," said Shaundra Daily, lead author on the report and assistant professor of computing at Clemson. "So we"re working with girls to create more pathways to support their participation."

Virtual Environment Interactions (VEnvI) is software and curriculum for blending movement and programming, which offers a novel and embodied strategy of engaging fifth- and sixth-grade girls in computational thinking.

"We want to understand how body syntonicity might enable young learners to bootstrap their intuitive knowledge in order to program a three-dimensional character to perform movements," said Alison Leonard, report co-author and assistant professor of education at Clemson.

In the process of developing this emerging technology, the researchers conduct user-centered design research for creating choreography and the social context for a virtual character through which girls can be introduced to alternative applications in computing.

"We adopt the view that computational thinking is a set of concepts, practices and perspectives that draw upon the world of computing and applicable in many STEM fields," Daily said.

Students met with instructors and learned basic curriculum involving the elements of dance, choreography and Alice, an existing educational software that teaches students computer programming in a three-dimensional environment.

The researchers utilize movement choreography as both an engaging and a parallel context for introducing computational thinking. Compositional strategies in the choreographic process of ordering and reordering movement sequences also mirror computational practices of reusing and remixing.

"Executing one bit of code or movement one after the other exists in both programming and choreography. Likewise, loops or repeating a set of steps, also occur in both contexts," Leonard said.

The students moved and created pieces for their virtual characters to perform, bringing about connections between computational thinking and what their bodies are doing.

The findings indicate the active presentation of concepts and future scalability of their virtual environment VEnvI that will add to the rich landscape of emerging technologies geared toward more inclusive strategies to engage girls in computational thinking.

The researchers are designing the first control algorithm that links concepts from computational thinking to animation algorithms, thus creating and evaluating new animation algorithms working to ensure the quality of the resulting choreography.

This emerging technology has the potential to widen the scope of current technologies that seek to cultivate computational thinking for diverse designers, users and audiences, according to the researchers.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Clemson University. The original article was written by Brian M. Mullen. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Shaundra B. Daily, Alison E. Leonard, Sophie Jörg, Sabarish Babu, Kara Gundersen, Dhaval Parmar. Embodying Computational Thinking: Initial Design of an Emerging Technological Learning ToolTechnology, Knowledge and Learning, 2014; DOI: 10.1007/s10758-014-9237-1

文章链接:http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/11/141103114236.htm


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