随着网络成熟,数字鸿沟仍然凸显

#研究分享#【随着网络成熟,数字鸿沟仍然凸显】研究表明,教育水平更低的人们以及残疾人士,比教育水平更高的或者上班族,花更多的空余时间在网上,关注信息、新闻、个人发展、社会交往、娱乐、商业业务和游戏。随着网络的成熟,不同性别、年龄、教育水平和网络体验的人们,在网络使用上表现出较大差异,数字鸿沟依然凸显。线上只不过是线下社会经济地位、文化关系和不平等的折射。

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The digital divide shifts to differences in usage

Alexander JAM van Deursen
and Jan AGM van Dijk
University of Twente, the Netherlands
Abstract
In a representative survey of the Dutch population we found that people with low levels
of education and disabled people are using the Internet for more hours a day in their
spare time than higher educated and employed populations. To explain this finding, we
investigated what these people are doing online. The first contribution is a theoretically
validated cluster of Internet usage types: information, news, personal development, social
interaction, leisure, commercial transaction and gaming. The second contribution is
that, based on this classification, we were able to identify a number of usage differences,
including those demonstrated by people with different gender, age, education and Internet
experience, that are often observed in digital divide literature. The general conclusion is
that when the Internet matures, it will increasingly reflect known social, economic and
cultural relationships of the offline world, including inequalities.


Keywords
Digital divide, digital inequality, knowledge gap, online activities, usage gap

文章来源:New media and Society

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