用互联网阅读新闻让我们更容易忽略信源的可信性

现在,在互联网上阅读新闻已经越来越普遍,博客也成为一种重要的信息来源,博客上的公民新闻和新闻评论越来越多,然而用互联网阅读也有他的弊端,那就是:博客上的文章故事性读比较强,然而在阅读这些故事的时候,我们更容易忽略信息来源。这也许就是为什么互联网上的谣言风传的原因,想一下,是不是平时你在网上看信息的时候,基本不考虑信息的来源呢?

信息社会中的变化,特别是博客的兴起,引发了人们对网络环境中媒介形态、来源识别和动机问题的关注。本文通过控制博客对新闻的评论结构,(全球VS散布)以及博客的党派目标在一项网络调查中嵌入实验。研究结果支持了本文预期:较复杂的故事形式降低了动机较低的读者正确的确定其信息来源。

Changes in the information society, especially the rise of blogs, have refocused attention on questions of media modality, source identification, and motivation in online environments. We manipulate the structure of a blogger's critique on a news story (global vs. interspersed) and the partisan target of the blogger (Democrats vs. Republicans) in an experiment embedded in an online survey. Our results support our expectations: The more difficult story format decreases the ability of less motivated readers to correctly identify the source of their information, without affecting the motivated. These effects of structure on source identification are democratically consequential when people rely on blogs for facts about public affairs without the proper cautionary caveats regarding the credibility of the source.

文章名称:Who Taught Me That? Repurposed News, Blog Structure, and Source Identification文章来源:Journal of Communication Volume 61, Issue 5, pages 795–815, October 2011
文章作者:Emily K. Vraga, Stephanie Edgerly, Bryan M. Wang, Dhavan V. Shah
文章链接:http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1460-2466.2011.01581.x/abstract
文章下载:j.1460-2466.2011.01581.x


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